CAPTAIN: In accordance with orders from headquarters Military Division of the Mississippi, I have the honor to hand you the following report of the operations of this brigade during the campaign ending in the occupation of Atlanta.Read More
After the battle of Chickamauga and pursuit of Wheeler and Roddey, in their attacks upon our trains and lines of communication in the months of September and October, and the battle of Mission Ridge, in November, 1863, the cavalry of the department, consiRead More
Report of Colonel Beroth B. Eggleston, First Ohio Cavalry, commanding Second Brigade – September 11, 1864
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to forward the following report of the operations of this command during the past campaign.
Report from Lieutenant George I. Robinson to Lieutenant E. P. Sturges, Chicago Board of Trade Battery – September 5, 1864
On the 30th April I left Columbia, Tenn., marching with the Second Cavalry Division, Department of the Cumberland, to which my command is attached, to rejoin the army then in front of Chattanooga, arriving at Shellmound on the 7th Mat, where, by order ofRead More
About the middle of April my division was very much scattered over the department, and, with the view of reorganization, was ordered to Columbia, Tenn. Before, however, Long’s brigade was mounted, I was ordered to join the army before Dalton on the 30th ARead More
On the 16th of August I made my Orders, Numbers 57, prescribing the mode and manner of executing the grand movement by the right flank to begin on the 18th. This movement contemplated the withdrawal of the Twentieth Corps, General Williams, tRead More
General Kilpatrick is back. He had pretty hard fighting with a division of infantry and three brigades of cavalry. He broke the cavalry into disorder and captured a battery, which he destroyed, except one gun, which he brought in in addition to all his owRead More
Jackson says there are four guns on the left reporting to you, two 3-inch at Armstrong’s wagon train. Please send order to lieutenant Young at Ross’ wagon train near East Point to proceed at once to Jonesborough with two steel guns and one caisson.
General Kilpatrick is out yet, and I infer has broken the Macon road, because three trains of cars left Atlanta and returned, backing the trains. Our infantry to-day was on the West Point road at Red Oak, five miles below East Point. General Lightburn wasRead More
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report that in compliance with orders from division headquarters, my command moved early this morning to the right and in rear of trenches lately occupied by Second Division, Twenty-third Army Corps. About 8.30 a. m. I receiveRead More
The large battery which we struck in the first move is, I believe, about the northeast corner of let 190, where two roads come into the Newman road. From that point the enemy’s lines seem to run southeast to the West Point railroad, striking it near BaconRead More
Our telegraph now works to Chattanooga. The conclusion my mind has arrived at is that Hood sent Wheeler’s cavalry to occupy our road at Dalton; that he had re-enforced East Point with a division of his old corps, which last night was brought back on the sRead More
I wanted to come down to the extreme right to-day, and may still, but I must watch matters to our rear. Hood no doubt supposes he has put Wheeler on our line, and is demonstrating accordingly; he has small parties to cut our wires nightly. We cannot now gRead More
I am directed by the general commanding to acknowledge the receipt of your communication* of 10 a. m., and to say that our cavalry on our left is on Augusta railroad, near and east of Atlanta. Decatur is occupied alternately by scouts from both armies. ShRead More
The report of General Kimball that the enemy seemed to be massing on his left, as if with the intention of attacking him, does not seem to be well founded. General Stanley reports that he cannot perceive any evidence of the enemy, though he observes moreRead More
Make preparations, but merely postpone. If the cavalry can do what we want, there is no need of moving the whole army.Read More
The major-general commanding directs me to inform you that he is in receipt of a report from Major-General Stanley of a movement on the part of the enemy on our left. He desires you to keep a strict lookout, and watch any movement that may be made by him,Read More
Information from all scouts seems to confirm the report that Wheeler has taken off the greater part of his cavalry. I therefore think this will be as good a time as could be taken to make another raid on the Macon railroad, but if you send Kilpatrick I woRead More
Your dispatch directing the movement of the cavalry has been received, and the necessary orders given Garrard; also orders to keep the enemy fully occupied to- morrow and next day.Read More
I have a message from General Kilpatrick, inclosing a copy of his report to General Elliott.* He thinks it not only possible but comparatively easy to break the railroad to Macon effectually. I do not want to move this vast army and its paraphernalia rounRead More
Garrard returned last night about 12 o’clock. His report is being compiled to be sent to you. I think you will find it satisfactory. Several of the colonels of Garrard’s division rank Long. The only way that I can see how he can be placed in command of thRead More
General Garrard is back; went seven miles; saw some horsemen and came back. General John E, Smith is at Resaca, and the enemy is at Spring Place. I think Generals Smith and Steedman can so manage that Wheeler will be driven north. Has General Schofield heRead More
We will commence the movement against the railroad about Jonesborough Thursday night unless something occurs in the mean time to mar the plan. I will make my orders, and the preliminary preparations may be begun. If Wheeler interrupts our supplies, we canRead More
I have seen Colonel Warner and am willing to leave that cavalry for the present as it is, but if we ever have to use it offensively it will need a more active leader. I have made a special recommendation in Colonel Long’s case, and hope he will be promoteRead More
General Schofield reports that General Kilpatrick did not find the enemy’s cavalry at his old camp at Mount Gilead Church; but I don’t know where that church is. It is manifest that all the efficient cavalry of the enemy is to our rear. They will tear upRead More
GENERAL: I have the honor to report that under your orders I proceeded with the effective force of my division, less the old and new picket details for the security of this flank, to test the strength of the cavalry on the enemy’s left. I started at 8 a.Read More
No change to-day in the enemy’s position. General Garrard has taken his cavalry from our left, and has gone off to the enemy’s right to see whether there is yet a force of cavalry (of the enemy’s) left on his (the enemy’s) right. General Kimball eRead More
There is no doubt wheeler is up about Dalton with a large cavalry force. I want our cavalry now to feel the enemy’s flanks strong, and will order General Kilpatrick to cross at Sandtown and make a bold push for Fairburn, and General Garrard in like mannerRead More
You will with your entire cavalry force to-morrow early, and by easy marches, test the strength of the enemy’s cavalry on our left flank without risking too much. Give him a hard fight if the opportunity offers. There is no doubt that Wheeler is about DalRead More
A drove of cattle was this a. m. captured together with escort. Have sent out all available cavalry and 300 infantry. Commanding officer at Adairsville telegraphs 6 p. m.-Read More
Says he is a citizen of Dalton, Ga.; has been in the employ of the Confederate Government on the Western and Atlantic Railroad for three years; has been at Griswold Station with rolling-stock of the road. Came through Atlanta and Decatur day before yesterRead More
The telegraph has just announced the capture, by the rebel cavalry, of a drove of 1,000 cattle about Adairsville. Let General McCook have a determined pursuit and General Garrard a brigade ready to push across to and beyond Canton, to prevent the drivingRead More
Ascertain if possible the route which the rebels have taken. A brigade of cavalry is ready to move in any direction and cut off their retreat.
By order, &c.:
DAVID F. HOW,
Lieutenant and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
HDQRS. CHRead More
I want that brigade. Stephen D. Lee is here from Mississippi with 3,500 cavalry, dismounted. Deserters say also that Forrest is here, but, if so, only for consultation. Get General Lorenzo Thomas to give you some negro regiments to hold the railroad statiRead More
General Shoup desires me to ask your attention to a matter of great importance. Great suffering and loss of life is occasioned by the delay of trains in transporting the wounded to the rear. Instances have been reported where the trains have been seventyRead More
The general directs me to say that there is no news of importance here. Wheeler dispatches from Newnan that he has completed the killing, capturing, and breaking up of the raiding party under McCook. Yours of 9.40 received.
L. P. DODGE,
On yesterday and the day before our cavalry, under Generals Wheeler and Jackson, fought near Newman the raiding party of the enemy which had intercepted our communication with Macon, completely routing them, killing a large number, capturing all their artRead More
Wheeler has overtaken the raiders who cut the Macon road near Lovejoy’s. He says, “We fought them from last night till to-night, killing and capturing many. They have abandoned all their artillery, ambulance train, a number of horses and mules, strewing tRead More
We fought the enemy from last night until to-night, killing and capturing many. We have thus far succeeded in keeping between them and the river, and they are showing evident signs of demoralization, having abandoned all their artillery, ambulance train,Read More
I have your dispatch, which is most satisfactory. I think General Schofield, supported by General Davis and Ward, will reach the railroad. At all events, it is our true move. General Garrard’s cavalry can occupy General Schofield’s lines, and General StanRead More
A cavalryman, just in, says General Garrard is coming in by the Peach Tree road; had a small fight first day, none since. Says General Stoneman has gone on, so that branch of the raid seems to be doing well. I now want news of General McCook. As soon as GRead More
The general directs me to acknowledge the receipt of your dispatch of to-day from Flat Shoals. There has been no information of General Wheeler since he passed through Jonesborough in pursuit of Yankee raid. The present whereabouts of the raid itself is uRead More
Your dispatch of 1.15 p. m. just received. Jackson engaged the raid from the west at 3 p. m. Enemy said to be 3,000 strong. Infantry sent; 3,000 militia at Macon; some directed to be sent to Griffin. Send information south when important to them.
An infantry brigade (700) went down by rail several hours ago. Humes’ cavalry also ordered against your raiders should you need more force.
[J. B. HOOD,
HDQRS. CAVALRY CORPS, ARMY OF TENNESSEE,
Fayetteville, July 29, 1864
Your dispatch of yesterday, 6.30 p. m., just received. At same time one from General Jackson, dated near Campbellton, 28th, 9 p. m., stating that the force which crossed the river near that point was McCook’s cavalry division. They were evidently making fRead More
Having, therefore, sufficiently crippled the Augusta road, and rendered it useless to the enemy, I then addressed myself to the task of reaching the Macon road, over which of necessity came the stores and ammunition that alone maintained theRead More
I took my place on the right of the army, skirmishing with the enemy until the 27th. At daylight on that morning, pursuant to orders, I relieved General Hardee’s entire line with my cavalry. While doing so I discovered that the enemy had abandoned their sRead More
COLONEL: Moore, a scout, whom I sent out on the 26th in the forenoon, returned this p. m. and make the following statement: General S. D. Lee arrived about the 25th instant from Mississippi and brought 3,500 troops with him. These were dismounted cavalry,Read More
Your dispatches of 5.35 and 7.05 received. The general approves your determination to guard the railroad. Take such steps as your best judgment prompts.
F. A. SHOUP,
Chief of Staff.
There is a raid moving toward Covington. Considerable force. Ten pieces of artillery. Wheeler in pursuit. Destination unknown. Please give such attention as you can.
J. B. HOOD,
If you decide to go against the raiders please come to headquarters first. You can start Humes to Flat Rock to-night, as you suggest. The enemy seems about to attack out left. He is now pressing Humes back.
Very respectfully, &c.,
GENERAL: General Hood desires you to relieve General Hardee with your command, taking his position. You will move without delay, putting yourself in communication with him at once. You will leave a sufficient force on your right to
GENERAL: Where are the two brigades which you say are on my right flank? The two regiments you sent me were taken away by General Iverson. I must have two regiments of cavalry at once for my left flank.
W. J. HARDEE,
In the mean time Wheeler’s cavalry, unopposed (for General Garrard was absent at Covington by my order), had reached Decatur and attempted to capture the wagon trains, but Colonel (now General) Sprague covered them with great sRead More
On the night of the 21st, pursuant to orders from General Hood, I moved around to the enemy’s rear to attack him in conjunction with Lieutenant-General Hardee, who also moved upon their flank for the same purpose. My orders from General Hardee were to attRead More
Several more of my scouts have come in, all corroborating the report I sent you this morning that General Garrard had moved toward Covington with his division. Shall I pursue and break up Garrard, or shall I detach a force to follow him?Read More
GENERAL: I cannot spare you or any force to pursue Garrard now. We must attack, as we arranged, will all our force. I think our attack will bring Garrard back. You had best report the facts to General Hood.
W. J. HARDEE,
Your dispatch of to-day received. The slight change in the enemy’s dispositions made since my dispatch of the 14th to General Cooper was reported to General Bragg yesterday. It was a report from General Wheeler that Schofield’s corps had advanced eastwardRead More
Being encamped near Noonday Creek, north of Marietta, I remained there until the evening of the 3d, then marching to Big Shanty. On the following day I received orders to follow the enemy, who was retreating, and, marching via Marietta, I pursued him someRead More
Assistant Adjutant-General, Wheeler’s Corps:
MAJOR: Scouts from beyond the river report heavy masses of the enemy’s infantry lying between the railroad and the Johnson’s Ferry road. They say there is no infantry above the Johnson’s Ferry road. The enem
General Blair reports a movement of cavalry down the river on the other side all last night, drawn there doubtless by Stoneman’s and Rousseau’s movement. Let General Garrard feel out strong and disturb those that are left.
W. T. SHERMAN,
General Wheeler reports Dodge’s corps, with two brigades of cavalry, on this side of the river near Roswell, and Howard’s and Schofield’s corps also on this side, intrenched midway between Roswell and the railroad. A body of Federal cavalry crossed the riRead More
CAPTAIN: Please find annexed a report of the operations of the Second Brigade, Second Cavalry Division, since leaving Decatur, Ala., on the 26th of May and up to the 1st of the present month, which I have the honor to forward for the information of the brRead More
Dispatch received. One division of Thomas’ moved for Roswell last night by the river road. Two divisions of McPherson, Dodge’s corps, are now moving for Roswell via Marietta. Hold fast all you have made, and fortify until re-enforced.
W. T. SHERMAN,
GENERAL: Your report is received and is most acceptable. I had no idea that the factories at Roswell remained in operation, but supposed the machinery had all been removed. Their utter destruction is right and meets my entire approval, and to make the matRead More
You will proceed with your command to Powers’ Ferry and hold that position, communicating with General Garrard, who it is reported is at or near Howell’s Factory (of linen map Numbers 3). Your supplies will be drawn from Marietta.
I am, general, very r
I have the honor to report that in compliance with orders received, and also with verbal directions from Major-General Sherman, I proceeded to this point (Hargrove’s house), divided my force, sending one detachment to Powers’ Ferry, and marching with theRead More
GENERAL: I have the honor to report that I advanced on the Pace’s Ferry road about a mile and a half, driving the enemy’s pickets, crossing a creek and taking a range of hills on the south side. The enemy was strong, and being in front of the infantry, whRead More
General Garrard’s communication is secured. He will be required to cover your line during the movement. If Wheeler goes up to Centreville he will find more than he bargains for and then will be time for Garrard to cut in behind.Read More
General McPherson is now moving out. General Garrard will cover the depot; but one of the greatest probabilities is that Wheeler’s cavalry will, the moment the disposition of the infantry is discovered, sweep round the flank of the cavalry and try to captRead More
GENERAL: Within the last hour two of the cavalry pickets in my front, belonging to the Fifth Georgia, came into my line. They report Wheeler in his camp in my front, but that he has ordered four days’ rations and forage to be issued, and that he intends tRead More
Says I left the Federal lines on 18th instant in company with J. C. Moore; passed around to the left of the Federal army; first came up to rebel cavalry two miles this side of Marietta; was at Colonel Hill’s headquarters till morning of 20th instant. ThatRead More
The enemy are advancing in force on the Bell’s Ferry road. They are on both sides of the road, but principally west of it. This is the report of Major Standifer, who went to the front with two companies of the Twelfth Louisiana to reco
CAPTAIN: Please inform the major-general commanding the army that his communication of last night has been received. His instructions to cross Noonday Creek have, in anticipation, been complied with four times, and attempted another, within the last ten dRead More
The situation is not essentially changed since my last dispatch. The enemy are apparently strengthening and extending their right on a line running generally north and south. On our right Wheeler yesterday, with 1,100 cavalry from Allen’s, An
On the 20th of June Wheeler, with 1,100 men, routed Garrard’s division of Federal cavalry on our right.Read More
GENERAL: I wish you would find out what the enemy have on the Alabama road. From the top of Kenesaw Mountain his main line seems to extend about a mile and a half east of railroad, and turns to the left. He has his wagons near Big Shanty.
CAPTAIN: Yesterday morning I received orders from the general commanding to proceed to McAfee’s Cross-Roads, on the Canton and Marietta and old Alabama roads, via Woodstock, and from thence to open communications with the Second Brigade at the junction ofRead More
GENERAL: I send you a report just received from Brigadier-General Garrard.* Have you any instructions for him? If he cannot make headway against Wheeler and drive him and hold both the roads he speaks of, I think he had better move down the Marietta roadRead More
GENERAL: My headquarters are where they were last night. This morning I sent Long’s brigade down on the Marietta and Lovegood’s bridge road, and secured the intersection of that road with the Big Shanty and Roswell Factory road, which is the main road leaRead More
GENERAL: I regret exceedingly you did not avail yourself of the chance I gave you to cut the railroad. At the time you reached the bridge, Martin’s cavalry was all that was on that flank, and they widely scattered. Forrest on the 6th was retreating beforeRead More
GENERAL: I inclose dispatch+ just received from Stevenson at Decatur. Roddey it seems has crossed the Tennessee River with about 5,000 men, estimated, and is endeavoring to cut our lines of communication. Gresham must be in the vicinity of Athens and PulaRead More